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Center for Medical Simulation (CMS)

100 First Avenue, Suite 400
Boston, MA 02129-2011
Phone: 617-726-3034
Fax: 617-726-3046
Email: info@harvardmedsim.org
Website: http://www.harvardmedsim.org

 

HISTORY OF MEDICAL SIMULATION AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF CMS

In 1994, the Center for Medical Simulation put the first commercially-produced, full-featured mannequin simulator to work in training clinicians in teamwork and crisis management. Since then, CMS has grown in many ways, developing and operating courses for clinicians, medical educators, administrators and managers, and conducting an array of activities involving healthcare simulation.

Though the field has grown rapidly, CMS continues to differentiate itself with its multi-disciplinary, expert staff and exceptionally high-quality, innovative programs in full-environment facilities. In more than a decade of experience in medical simulation, CMS has trained nearly 6,000 participants.

A brief history of the Center for Medical Simulation

Jeffrey Cooper 1985
Jeffrey Cooper is a founding member of the Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation (APSF).
APSF 1989
Cooper assumes Chair of APSF and establishes the APSF research program.
Stanford 1990
Cooper visits Stanford and Gainesville research projects.
Harvard Medical School 1991
Eleven members of Harvard Medical School (HMS) Anesthesia visit Stanford and experience Crisis Resource Management (CRM) training.
Stanford Professor Gaba 1992
Stanford Professor Gaba and Cooper conduct 'The Great Simulation Experiment' at HMS: 70 clinicians trained in CRM.
Center for Medical Simulation 1993
Boston Center for Medical Simulation facility established.
CRM Course 1994
First Official CRM course conducted.
Harvard Medical School 1995
Anesthesia chairs of Harvard Hospitals participate in joint CRM training program.
Center for Medical Simulation 1996
Name changed to Center for Medical Simulation.
CMS Training 1997
Simulation CMS Instructors' course & manual (with Stanford and Toronto).
Live Simulation Video Conference 1998
First live simulation video conference.
IRS Logo 1999
CMS established as non-profit 501(c)(3) corporation.
Simulation Training 2001
Anesthesiologists at Harvard affiliated hospitals are given lower malpractice premium by CRICO (captive Harvard insurer) for CRM training at CMS; first such discount in the industry
 Labor and Delivery Team Training 2002
Pilot course for Labor & Delivery team training developed.
Dan Raemer

2003
Simulation training required for Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) anesthesia faculty for credentialing.
Dan Raemer Receives HMS Teacher of the Year award.
CMS' Healthcare Adventures, Healthcare Management Team Training, course established.

Society for Medical Simulation

2004
Society for Medical Simulation formed (later renamed the Society for Simulation in Healthcare (SSH)); Dan Raemer named Chair of its first Board of Directors.
First courses conducted by CMS' Institute for Medical Simulation (IMS).
CRICO institutes malpractice premium incentive for OB/Gyns participating in CMS Labor & Delivery Teamwork Program at CMS.
CMS conducts OR Teamwork Training Program for MGH Operating Room of the Future teams.
Socio Technical Team Study conducted.

ProMutual 2005
Promutual Insurance Company (now Coverys) offers malpractice insurance premium discount for OB/Gyns participating in CMS' Labor & Delivery Training Program.
ACS 2006
CMS hosts ACS Board of Regents for introduction to simulation based learning.
First CMS Institute for Medical Simulation workshop held at an offsite location.
CRICO (Harvard affiliated hospitals' captive insurance company) increases anesthesia malpractice insurance savings based on positive experience of CMS CRM training.
TSFRE 2007
CMS hosts Thoracic Surgery Foundation for Research and Education's Simulation Visioning Conference leading to adoption of simulation agenda for cardiovascular surgery.
ASA 2008
CMS endorsed as an American Society of Anesthesiologists Simulation Education Network program.
CMS approved by American College of Surgeons as an Accredited Education Institute.
First Spanish language IMS course held in Santander, Spain.
First Cardiac Surgical Teamwork Training Program.
HvV 2009
Debriefing Assessment for Simulation in Healthcare (DASH) tool developed by CMS
Hospital Virtual Valdecilla, Santander, Spain, becomes affilate of CMS.
First CMS Institute for Medical Simulation Graduate course held.
Development of performance assessment program for anesthesia residents begins.
CRICO 2010
CMS conducts its first courses for Maintenance of Certification in Anesthesia (MOCA)
CRICO OR Teamwork Instructor Pilot developed.
CRICO OR teamwork pilot conducted at CMS for MGH general surgery teams (qualifying them for a malpractice premium discount).
SULLY 2011
CMS Instructor certification program revised; includes peer assessment and scoring of debriefing performance.
Instructor program for Emergency Medicine educator teams developed in preparation for CRICO EM teamwork training grants to 7 HMS affiliated hospitals
Jeff Cooper leads acclaimed NPSF simulation plenary
Chesley "Sully" Sullenberger visits CMS
CNY Arched Entrance 2012
CMS moves to 100 First Avenue, Suite 400, Boston, MA in the Charlestown Navy Yard.
Center for Medical Simulation 2013
CMS celebrates 20th anniversary.
CMS Labor & Delivery Teamwork Program celebrates 10th anniversary.